Queste sono state le parole che Giovanni Paolo II ha pronunciato nell'Angelus di domenica 18 novembre.
Tutti noi raccogliamo l'invito a vivere il 14 dicembre come giorno di digiuno di preghiera e di elemosina; un giorno di digiuno fatto insieme ai fratelli mussulmani che in questo mese stanno celebrando il Ramadan.
In queste pagine vorremmo inserire alcuni testi per conoscere e approfondire la religione islamica per diventare capaci di un dialogo con tutte le donne e gli uomini che hanno questa fede.
Vorrebbe, inoltre, essere un modo per preparare tutti noi al 24 gennaio 2002 giorno in cui il Papa ha invitato ad Assisi tutti i rappresentanti delle religioni del mondo
parole di Giovanni Paolo II per
la PACE e il DIALOGO
Carissimi Fratelli e Sorelle!
1. La scena internazionale continua ad essere turbata
da preoccupanti tensioni. Non possiamo non ricordare le pesanti sofferenze che
hanno afflitto e che ancora affliggono tanti nostri fratelli e sorelle nel
mondo: migliaia di vittime innocenti nei gravissimi attentati dell’11
settembre scorso; innumerevoli persone costrette ad abbandonare le loro
abitazioni per affrontare l’ignoto e talvolta la morte cruenta; donne, vecchi
e bambini esposti al rischio di morire di freddo e di fame.
In una situazione resa drammatica dalla sempre
incombente minaccia del terrorismo sentiamo l’esigenza di elevare il nostro
grido a Dio. Quanto più insormontabili sembrano le difficoltà e oscure le
prospettive, tanto più insistente deve farsi la nostra preghiera per implorare
da Dio il dono della comprensione reciproca, della concordia e della pace.
2. Sappiamo che la preghiera acquista forza se è
accompagnata dal digiuno e dall’elemosina. Così insegna già l’Antico
Testamento ed i cristiani, fin dai primi secoli, hanno accolto questa lezione e
l’hanno applicata, particolarmente nei tempi di Avvento e di Quaresima. Da
parte loro, i fedeli dell’Islam hanno appena iniziato il Ramadan, mese
consacrato al digiuno e alla preghiera. Noi cristiani ci avvieremo tra poco
nell’Avvento per prepararci, nella preghiera, alla celebrazione del Natale,
giorno della nascita del "Principe della pace".
In questo tempo opportuno chiedo ai cattolici che il
prossimo 14 dicembre sia vissuto come giorno di digiuno, durante
il quale pregare con fervore Dio perché conceda al mondo una pace stabile,
fondata sulla giustizia, e faccia sì che si possano trovare adeguate soluzioni
ai molti conflitti che travagliano il mondo.
Ciò di cui ci si priva nel digiuno potrà essere
messo a disposizione dei poveri, in particolare di chi soffre in questo momento le
conseguenze del terrorismo e della guerra.
Vorrei inoltre annunciare che è mia intenzione invitare
i rappresentanti delle religioni del mondo a venire ad Assisi il
24 gennaio 2002 a pregare per il superamento delle contrapposizioni e per la
promozione dell’autentica pace.
Ci si vuol trovare insieme, in particolare, cristiani
e musulmani, per proclamare davanti al mondo che la religione non deve mai
diventare motivo di conflitto, di odio e di violenza. Chi veramente accoglie in
sé la parola di Dio, buono e misericordioso, non può non escludere dal cuore
ogni forma di astio e di inimicizia. In questo momento storico, l’umanità ha
bisogno di vedere gesti di pace e di ascoltare parole di speranza. Come dissi
quindici anni fa, annunciando l’incontro di preghiera per la pace che si
sarebbe tenuto ad Assisi nell’ottobre successivo: "E’ urgente che
un’invocazione corale salga con insistenza dalla terra verso il Cielo, per
implorare dall’Onnipotente, nelle cui mani stanno i destini del mondo, il
grande dono della pace, presupposto necessario per ogni serio impegno a servizio
del vero progresso dell’umanità".
3. Affido fin d’ora queste iniziative alla materna
intercessione di Maria Santissima, chiedendoLe di voler sostenere i nostri
sforzi e quelli dell’umanità intera sulla via della pace.
Te, Regina della pace, chiediamo di aiutarci a rispondere con la forza della
verità e dell’amore alle nuove e sconvolgenti sfide del momento presente.
Aiutaci a superare anche questo momento difficile, che turba la serenità di
tante persone, e ad impegnarci senza indugi nel costruire ogni giorno e in ogni
ambiente una autentica cultura della pace.
Domenica, 18 novembre 2001
october 27, 1986
Brothers and Sisters,
In concluding this World Day of Prayer for Peace, to which you have come from many parts of the world, kindly accepting my invitation, I would like now to express my feelings, as a brother and friend, but also as a believer in Jesus Christ, and, in the Catholic Church, the first witness of faith in him.
In relation to the last prayer, the Christian one, in the series we have all heard, I profess here anew my conviction, shared by all Christians, that in Jesus Christ, as Savior of all, true peace is to be found, “peace to those who are far off and peace to those who are near” (cf. Eph 2:17). His birth was greeted by the angels’ song: “Glory to God in the highest and peace among men with whom he is pleased” (Lk 2:14). He preached love among all, even among foes, proclaimed blessed those who work for peace (cf. Mt 5:9) and through his Death and Resurrection he brought about reconciliation between heaven and earth (cf. Col 1:20). To use an expression of Paul the Apostle: “He is our peace” (Eph 2:14).
It is, in fact, my faith conviction, which has made me turn to you, representatives of the Christian Churches and Ecclesial Communities and World Religions, in deep love and respect.
With the other Christians we share many conviction and, particularly, in what concerns peace.
With the World religions we share a common respect of and obedience to conscience, which teaches all of us to seek the truth, to love and serve all individuals and peoples, and therefore to make peace among individuals and among nations.
Yes, we all hold conscience and obedience to the voice of conscience to be an essential element in the road towards a better and peaceful world.
Could it be otherwise, since all men and women in this world have a common nature, a common origin and a common destiny?
If there are many and important differences among us, there is also a common ground, whence to operate together in the solution of this dramatic challenge of our age: true peace or catastrophic war.
Yes, there is the dimension of prayer, which in the very real diversity of religions trise to express communication with a Power above all our human forces.
Peace depends basically on this Power, which we call God, and as Christians, believe has revealed himself in Christ.
This is the meaning of this World Day of Prayer.
For the first time in history, we have come together from everywhere, Christian Churches and Ecclesial Communities, and World Religions, in this sacred place dedicated to Saint Francis, to witness before the world, each according to his own conviction, about the transcendent quality of peace.
The form and content of our prayers are very different, as we have seen, and there can be no question of reducing them to a kind of common denominator.
Yet, in this very difference we have perhaps discovered anew that, regarding the problem of peace and its relation to religious commitment, there is something, which binds us together.
The challenge of peace, as it is presently posed to every human conscience, is the problem of a reasonable quality of life for all, the problem of life and death.
In the face of such a problem, two things seem to have supreme importance and both of them are common to us all.
The first is the inner imperative of the moral conscience, which enjoins us to respect, protect and promote human life, from the womb to the deathbed, for individuals and peoples, but especially for the weak, the destitute, the derelict: the imperative to overcome selfishness, greed and the spirit of vengeance.
The second common thing is the conviction that peace goes much beyond human efforts, particularly in the present plight of the world, and therefore that its source and realization is to be sought in that Reality beyond all of us.
This is why each of us prays for peace. Even if we think, as we do, that the relation between that Reality and the gift of peace is a different one, according to our respective religious convictions, we all affirm that such a relation exists.
This is what we express by praying for it.
I humbly repeat her my own conviction: peace bears the name of Jesus Christ.
But, at the same time and in the same breath, I am ready to acknowledge that Catholics have not always been faithful to this affirmation of faith. We have not been always “peacemakers”.
For ourselves, therefore, but also perhaps, in a sense, for all, this encounter at Assisi is an act of penance. We have prayed, each in his own way, we have fasted, we have walked together.
In this way we have tried to open our hearts to the divine reality beyond us and to our fellow men and women.
Yes, while we have fasted, we have kept in mind the sufferings which senseless wars have brought about, and are still bringing about, on humanity. Thereby we have tried to be spiritually close to the millions who are victims of hunger throughout the world.
While we have walked in silence, we have reflected on the path our human family treads: either in hostility, if we fail to accept one another in love; or as a common journey to our lofty destiny, if we realize that other people are our brothers and sisters. The very fact that we have come to Assisi from various quarters of the world is in itself a sign of this common path which humanity is called to tread. Either we learn to walk together in peace and harmony, or we drift apart and ruin ourselves and others. We hope that this pilgrimage to Assisi has taught us anew to be aware of the common origin and common destiny of humanity. Let us see in it an anticipation of what God would like the developing history of humanity to be: a fraternal journey in which we accompany one another towards the transcendent goal which he sets for us.
Prayer, fasting, pilgrimage.
This Day at Assisi has helped us become more aware of our religious commitments. But it has also made the world, looking at us through the media, more aware of the responsibility of each religion regarding problems of war and peace.
More perhaps than ever before in history, the intrinsic link between an authentic religious attitude and the great good of peace has become evident to all.
What a tremendous weight for human shoulders to carry! But at the same time what a marvelous, exhilarating call to follow.
Although prayer is in itself action, this does not excuse us from working for peace. Here we are acting as the heralds of the moral awareness of humanity as such, humanity that wants peace, needs peace.
There is not peace without a passionate love for peace. There is not peace without a relentless determination to achieve peace.
Peace awaits its prophets. Together we have filled our eyes with visions of peace: they release energies for a new language of peace, for new gestures of peace, gestures which will shatter the fatal chains of divisions inherited from history or spawned by modern ideologies.
Peace awaits its builders. Let us stretch our hands towards our brothers and sisters , to encourage them to build peace upon the four pillars of truth, justice, love and freedom.
Peace is a workshop, open to all and not just to specialists, savants and strategists. Peace is a universal responsibility: it comes about through a thousand little acts in daily life. By their daily way of living with others, people choose for or against peace. We entrust the cause especially to the young. May young people help to free history from the wrong paths along which humanity strays.
Peace is in the hands not only of individuals but of nations. It is the nations that have the honor of basing their peacemaking activity upon the conviction of the sacredness of human dignity and the recognition of the unquestionable equality of people with one another. We earnestly invite the leaders of the nations and of the international organizations to be untiring in bringing in structures of dialogue wherever peace is under threat or already compromised. We offer our support to their often exhausting efforts to maintain or restore peace. We renew our encouragement to the United Nations, that it may respond fully to the breadth and height of its universal mission of peace.
In answer to the appeal I made from Lyons in France, on the day which we Catholics celebrate as the feast of Saint Francis, we hope that arms have fallen silent, that attacks have ceased. This would be a first significant result of the spiritual efficacy of prayer. In fact, this appeal has been shared by many hearts and lips everywhere in the world, especially where people suffer from war and its consequences.
It is vital to choose peace and the means to obtain it. Peace, so frail in health, demands constant and intensive care. Along this path, we shall advance with sure and redoubled steps, for there is no doubt that people have, and never had, so many means for building true peace as today. Humanity has entered an era of increased solidarity and hunger for social justice. This is our chance. It is also our task, which prayer helps us to face.
What we have done today at Assisi, praying and witnessing to our commitment to peace, we must continue to do every day of our life. For what we have done today is vital for the world. Is the world is going to continue, and men and women are to survive in it, the world cannot do without prayer.
This is the permanent lesson of Assisi: it is the lesson of Saint Francis who embodied an attractive ideal for us; it is the lesson of Saint Clare, his first follower. It is an ideal composed of meekness, humility, a deep sense of God and a commitment to serve all. Saint Francis was a man of peace. We recall that he abandoned the military career he had followed for a while in his youth, and discovered the value of poverty, the value of ea simple and austere life, in imitation of Jesus Christ whom he intended to serve. Saint Clare was the woman par excellence, of prayer. Her union with God in prayer sustained Francis and his followers, as it sustains us today. Francis and Clare are examples of peace: with God, with oneself, with all men and women in this world. May this holy man and this holy woman inspire all people today to have the same strength of character and love of God and neighbor to continue on the path we must walk together.
Moved by the example of Saint Francis and Saint Clare, true disciples of Christ, and newly convinced by the experience of this Day we have lived through together, we commit ourselves to re-examine our consciences, to hear its voice more faithfully, to purify our spirits from prejudice, anger, enmity, jealousy and envy. We will seek to be peacemakers in thought and deed, with mind and heart fixed on the unity of the human family. And we call on all our brothers and sisters who hear us to do the same.
We do this with a sense of our own human limitations and with an awareness of the fact that by ourselves alone we will fail. We therefore reaffirm and acknowledge that our future life and peace depend always on God’s gift to us.
that spirit, we invite the leaders of the world to know that we humbly implore
God for peace. But we also ask them to recognize their responsibilities and
recommit themselves to the task of peace, to put into action the strategies of
peace with courage and vision.
I thank you again for having accepted my invitation to come here for this act of witness before the world.
also extend my thanks to all those who have made possible our presence here,
particularly our brothers and sisters in Assisi.
make me an instrument of your peace
Divine Master, grant that I may not so much seek to be consoled as to console;
to be understood as to understand; to be loved as to love; for it is in giving
that we receive, it is in pardoning that we are pardoned, and it is in dying
that we are born to eternal life.